Living With Water, 2021

// Waterfront Development
Exploring the opportunity to leverage economy and environment at the unique Delaware River waterfront, while building resilient neighborhood assets.

As part of the Master Plan for the Central Delaware, the Delaware River Waterfront Corporation (DRWC) has identified three priority sites for development of the Master Plan. This southernmost site has the potential to continue to function as an important destination for commercial activities. More recently, the Delaware River waterfront has been evolving with diverse programs. Overall, this new waterfront district will be an accessible, welcoming destination for locals and citywide visitors with new types of retails and transit services.

Framework Plan
The existing Columbus boulevard is moved eastward in this proposal, closer to the riverfront. New street grids are reoriented while major east to west connectors are perpendicular to the river to provide a better view and physical connection for the South Philadelphia neighborhoods, as well as establishing the characteristics of this waterfront community. The existing shoreline is adjusted to extend soft-edge approaches to mitigate the flood risk and to create the public realm that connects with the existing wetland parks. The central linear park will function as a water retention area, which can help for stormwater management. It is also connected with the city’s underground sewer system.

Protection + Placemaking
This proposal is a chance to bring positive impacts to the neighborhoods and the city, and the idea was to interweave the waterscape andcityscape to establish a resilient district and to protect new developments. More importantly, the proposal provides a good transition from the neighborhood to the city while letting the neighborhood embrace the waterfront. In most of the waterfront development projects, water is not only an asset, but also a threat. Therefore, the new developments in this project are situated further inland from the water, where the land has been elevated. These developments are protected by a new bulkhead, and this elevated edge creates resistance for risks of flooding and sea level rise. On the other hand, this topographic change also lets the surface water runoff flow to the central linear park, which is a bio-infiltration area that collects stormwater.

Riverside Active Zone
This area is a citywide destination to enhance regional commercial activities while branding the district as a distinct place. The transportation center is located here, which helps people get to this location easily, and provides a ferry connection to Camden as well.

New protection wall separates an area called a “floodable promenade” from the developments and the paved river walk. People can walk down to the floodable promenade when there is no flooding or storm surge. As it gradually steps down to the water, it provides resistance in different degrees of water level rise. According to DVRPC flooding scenario, in 2100 the sea level could rise 3 feet, and in this case, the first part of the promenade will be inundated.

Eco-Hub promotes environmental education and increases employment opportunities, and it will become an anchor point at the end of Tasker Street and Reed Street. It will be integrated into a larger open space network that serves the South Philly neighborhoods. The Eco-Hub provides different types of environmental education opportunities, from outdoor landscaped park, indoor exhibition place to habitats.

Columbus Green
Columbus Green is the spine of the entire site. It is a neighborhood gathering place, and it is where local businesses are located. It not only helps boost local businesses, but also allows people to have the opportunity to embrace green and blue assets. Moreover, the linear park with the bioswale system replaces the freight rail tracks in a meaningful transformation that exemplifies a different and resilient future for the site.

Academic Project /Individual
University of Pennsylvania


Philadelphia, PA

Nando Micale
Danielle Lake
Sea Level Rise

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KC Connect, 2021

// Real Estate Development

// Collaborated with Carolina Schultz, Carly de La Hoz, Ding Yi, Ryan Smith
Seeking a bright future for East Village, Kansas City, by establishing a new hub with positive economic impact in both locally and regionally.

Kansas City, Missouri (KCMO) has a significant feature of its urban planning and design concept of highway system, as well as its boulevard system. The "Downtown Loop" highway, defined the boundary of downtown area, while isolating it. East Village is a district in the downtown area, with its proximity to City Hall and other important districts such as Power & Light District, which is a good place for entertainment and sport events. The plan for this project is to develop a mixed-income, mixed-use neighborhood in East Village, considering positive economic impact to the city and addressing the issues of equity and affordability, as well as pursuing resiliency for the city.

We understand the importance of benefiting the surrounding neighborhoods such as Paseo West and Little Italy with this precious new opportunity at East Village. Therefore, we set three goals at the very beginning of our process: Connectivity / Equity / Growth. One of our vision is to reverse the reality that East Viilage is currently the periphery of the downtown area and reform the district into an important connector between downtown area and the neighborhoods in the east and north. Provide with programs that drive city’s economy and support community services to establish an equitable urban center.

KC Plaza
The heart of the development featuring iconic glass block archway view bridge, stormwater fountain and stepped public landscape.

Phase 1: A mixed-use environment that extents the vibe from downtown

In phase 1, the goal is to create destinations and extent the vibe from Power & Light District in downtown area. These propsed programs, such as hotel and other class-A commercial spaces are planned to generate profits in phase 1 and set a good foundation for future expansion.

Phase 2: East Village Tower as new gateway & Community College

In phase 2, two office buildings will be built on 12th Street and become the new gateway of the downtown area. In the north portion of the site, more community- based programs will be established and a new community college is also planned to serve the surrounding neighborhoods.

Future Phase: A mixed-use environment that extents the vibe from downtown
In addition to the site, we aimed to integrate the project into a larger context and predict the influences brought by new developments in East Village. We saw an opportunity to form a community active zone, bringing diverse community-based programs into the area. Starting from our proposed community college, programs like daycare centers, schools and job traning centers could be planned on 8th street and 9th street, where there are already some social welfare programs. In ten to twenty years, this active zone will be an important social, educational and medical hub that brings positive changes to Kansas City.

ULI Student Competition /Group
University of Pennsylvania


Kansas City, MO

Christopher Marcinkoski
Real Estate
Site Planning

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Twin Park, 2017-2018

// Transit-Oriented Development

// Professional Work: Shu Chang & Associates, Architect
Strengthening Urban Operating Systems through Urban Green Links while Building Mixed-Use Developments around the Historic Train Station.

Activities diverge into two by the train track, which is often considered an obstruction of city development. However, if the tracks and the station have established significance to a city’s history, we should consider ways to improve the city’s public space while preserving these existing structures.

Hsinchu Train Station is Taiwan’s oldest existing TRA (Taiwan Railroad Authority) station constructions. Over the years, it has become the landmark of the city and an icon of citizens’ memory. Unfortunately, the messy traffic conditions next to this historic relic dampen the glory and threaten pedestrians’ safety. Therefore, I proposed a cross-station platform next to the historic site to enhance the 
historical importance of the station.

Green Belt within the Town
Hsinchu City has its long history and the government had tried hard to preserve historical assets and build green belt system within the city. The old city gate(east), and the historical moat are the important nodes, and one of the purposes in this project is to create a new and more friendly pedestrian access to the moat from the new station. Also, connect to the historical Hsinchu Park to the south.

North Park_Background of the Historical Site / Entrance to the Station
North Park is a fan-shaped cross-station platform just behind the historical site of the train station. The public can enter the station from the park. By lowering the overall height of the surrounding shops, North Park can be the background of the train station site, without bothering the public as they appreciate the historic site. After the park is established, Hsinchu city will have a complete urban corridor. People can walk from the old town area of the city to the future new town area and Hsinchu Park in the south of the station.

1. Main Plaza   |   2. Paid Area  |  3. Bus Terminal  |  4. Retails  |  5. Historical Train Station  |  6. Skywalk  |  7. Light Rail

South Park_Botanical Garden & Kid's Fairground / Light Rail Station
Hsinchu has one of the highest birth rates in Taiwan. I plan to transform half of the South Park into a city botanical garden that corresponds to the city’s existing zoo in Hsinchu Park. It also demonstrates the young energy of the city. Moreover, I arrange a children’s museum, a library and daycare center around South Park so the entire park can be a fairground for children. South Park can also be a station of the government’s light rail transit, which makes the park even more accessible.

1. Flyover   |   2. Children Museum  |  3. Day Care Center  |  4. Library  |  5. Indoor Garden  |  6. Light Rail Station

A New Transportation Hub
In this new transportation hub, many types of vehicles and uses will be integrated into the system. New bus terminal will be on the ground level in one of the future developments, along with taxicab stand and parking areas, allowing people to get to the destinations they need to go more easily.

Professional Work
Shu Chang & Associates, Architects


Hsinchu, Taiwan

Hsinchu City
Green Belt
Urban Activities

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Marketopia, 2017

// Old Town Revitalization
Thinking about Relationships between Entertainment and Production in Old Town through Imagining Markets of the Future.

Market places are crucial nodes to observe the vibes of a city. The roles markets play in a city are more than locations that provide fresh produce but also spaces that represent the character of a city. Tao-yuan, a longtime industrial satellite city of the country’s capital, Taipei, has a large number of young and working populations. During the time when labor-intensive industries dominated the city, recreation facilities were a major element in Tao-yuan people’s life. Yong-he market is located in the old town area of Taoyuan, where the community’s booms and busts have taken place. Yong-he market’s enormous building structure supports various market activities—the upstairs movie theater satisfied people’s need for pleasure—making the market the center of old town city life.

Local Memory
After the business district had shifted and the area had become obsolete for years, Yong-he market is now designated as a new station of Tao-yuan metro system. This provides a golden opportunity for the old town to rejuvenate. I’d like to re-identify the coexisting relationship of the market place activities and other entertaining activities so that the old town scenario can be revived and rebuilt.

New scenario of the market
I’d picture a future market place where food is prepared and picked while being shown as a way to delight. The plan is to break down the original first/second floor boundaries so that the market on the lower floor could be watched when people head towards the upper floor. The entire production process can be exhibited in the building. For example, the fish farm on the third floor or the hanging vegetable garden on the sixth can become better place to connect the neighborhood and the campus nearby. In addition, Yon-he market will be a city’s showcase where townsmen’s memories are displayed. All the performance grounds spread on different floors serve to recall people’s habits of coming here to watch shows.

1. Skating Rink   |   2. Conference Hall  |  3. Aquarium  |  4. Box Office  |  5. Culinary School  |  6. Experimental Theater  |  7. Auditorium  |  8. Cinema

1. Aquarium   |   2. Conference Hall  |  3. Marketplace  |  4. Atrium  |  5. Bus Stop

Market with MRT
Having a good combination with the metro system, the new market will be a good destination for all the citizens of Taoyuan, presenting all the fresh ingredients and diverse activities. Visitors can pick up the ingredients they bought online on B1 Delivery Center, next to the MRT unpaid area, or just take the elevator to the marketplace on ground floor to choose fresh ingredients and experience the old town. In my imagination, buying groceries in a traditional market is not only a daily routine for people, this can also be a chance for us to experience the most representative local feature of a city.

1. Loading Dock   |   2. Storage  |  3. Metro Station Concourse  |  4. Paid Area  |  5. Skating Rink

Academic Project / Individual
Thesis Design

2017.01 - 2017.05

Taoyuan, Taiwan

Hsu-Yuan Kuo
Metro System
Daily Life

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Campus of Care, 2015

// Multi-Family Housing Design
Contemplating Generational Exchange through the Chinese Quadrangle Form.

As the young generation gradually leaves for better career opportunities, Tainan has undergone impacts of becoming an aged city. Many old communities lack vitality. Older people cannot receive proper care. Thus, I began to wonder whether the young spirits of the campus can be directed into these older communities  and populations. Students from other cities can engage in local activities while older generations can pass on their wisdom and skills in return.

I chose an about-to-be-remodeled aging community at the heart of Tainan City as the site of the new community in my proposal. I adopt Chinese quadrangle spatial arrangements, where many spaces are shared and the young can mingle with the old in life, hoping to construe and depict the way two different generations interact and create a new form of family life.

Chinese Quadrangle
"He-Yuan", a chinese architectural style, has been used for about 3000 years. It is one of the most popular style for residential architecture in ancient time. Even until now, the meaning and spirit of this layout has been inheriting. This spatial arrangement symbolizes how Chinese People care about the family values and represents the concept of distinguishing public and private spaces. Inspired by this "Chinese Quadrangle", I want to create a place that people in different generation can gather and live together, and re-define the meaning of family.

Co-Living: Students & Seniors
Diverse programs are planned at the ground level of this development. Programs like student clubs and workshop spaces are the media to generate more cross-generational interaction. Community garden and study room are also places to promote a style of co-living. In the L-shaped structures, I have aimed to have student residenceson the outsides, while the spaces for the elderly are set up on the insides in an effort to have them all face the central lobby and provide a better living environment for all. The use of atriums between residential units also creates a sense of community.

Academic Project /Individual
National Cheng Kung University


Tainan, Taiwan

Grace Ming-En Chang
Site Control

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